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About Australia
  Australia at a glance            
  History                                   
  Population & culture            
  Climate                                   
  Geography                            
Climate

Temperature
Australia has a relatively warm climate. However, extreme temperatures have been recorded such as:

  • 53¢XC at Cloncurry (Queensland) in 1889,
  • -23¢XC at Charlotte Pass (NSW) in 1994.

Australia¡¦s climatic zones are shown below from the Bureau of Meteorology:
FigureA1.3a.gif

This map indicates that summers tend to be hotter and more humid in the north and winters are usually colder in the south.  These temperature differences are revealed in the average temperatures for Australia¡¦s capital cities in this table (from the Australian Bureau of Statistics):

 

JANUARY

JULY

AUSTRALIAN CITY

Max (¢XC)

Min (¢XC)

Max (¢XC)

Min (¢XC)

Adelaide (SA)

28.7

16.8

15.2

7.4

Brisbane (Qld)

29.2

21.2

20.6

9.5

Canberra (ACT)

27.7

13.3

11.5

-0.1

Darwin (NT)

31.8

24.8

30.7

19.4

Hobart (Tas)

21.8

12.5

12.2

4.7

Melbourne (Vic)

25.8

15.4

13.9

6.8

Perth (WA)

31.9

17.2

17.9

8.4

Sydney (NSW)

26.1

19.4

17.2

8.6

Overall Australian cities tend to have mild climates in comparison to other cities in English-speaking countries.  The following average temperatures have been compiled from World Weather Information Service:

 

SUMMER

WINTER

WORLD CITY

Max (¢XC)

Min (¢XC)

Max (¢XC)

Min (¢XC)

Sydney (Australia)

26.1

19.4

17.2

8.6

London (England)

22.3

13.7

7.2

2.4

New York (USA)

28.2

20.1

3.1

-3.9

Auckland (New Zealand)

23.6

15.9

14.0

6.9

Toronto (Canada)

26.4

17.9

-1.1

-7.1

Rainfall
Australia has a low average annual rainfall but high falls occur in the north.  The rainfall zones are shown below from the Bureau of Meteorology:
FigureA1.3b.gif
This map shows that northern and eastern regions have wet summers and that central Australia is very dry.  This is revealed in the data of the rainfall in Australian cities as listed below (from the Australian Bureau of Statistics). It is clear that Darwin in the tropical north has the highest summer rainfall and highest annual rainfall.


CITY

SUMMER
Dec / Jan / Feb

AUTUMN
Mar / Apr / May

WINTER
Jun / Jul / Aug

SPRING
Sep / Oct / Nov

TOTAL
(mm)

Adelaide

59.9

129.8

227.6

129.4

546.7

Brisbane

452.5

349.7

150.4

237.6

1190.2

Canberra

166.8

144.2

134.0

185.0

630.0

Darwin

1106.9

503.9

10.1

226.1

1847.0

Hobart

143.8

124.7

150.4

147.6

566.5

Melbourne

162.5

150.9

148.3

192.9

654.6

Perth

38.1

145.2

416.9

147.4

747.6

Sydney

340.6

388.9

288.4

258.6

1276.5

 

 

 

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